The Constitution defines the major political standards, establishing the structure, systems, forces, and obligations of the government, structure of the judiciary and legislature, and defines the fundamental rights and obligations of a citizen.
After numerous coup d'états and instability in the country because of power struggles, a new constitution was drafted. Following its massive approval from the people in a referendum, the 1992 constitution became official on the 7th of January 1993.
Since the inception of the 4th republic, all presidents have been sworn into office on the 7th of January. This day is a symbol and a reminder of Ghana's efforts at upholding democracy, rule of law, and constitutionalism. The Fourth Republic endured much more than any of the three previous republics (which were completely stopped by the military).
Constitution Day is a relatively new Public Holiday and has been declared as an additional holiday under Section 2 of the Public Holiday Act, 2001 (Act 601).
This special day serves as a reminder for Ghanaians of their obligation to maintain the principles of the rule of law, constitutionalism, and democracy. All the more significantly, the day is to help the residents to remember their obligation to a system of continuous development.
So when you're in Ghana by January next year, grab a mini flag and celebrate with the people. You can expect a lot of music and dancing!